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Longwood (Natchez, Mississippi)
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U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark
Location: 140 Lower Woodville Road, Natchez, Mississippi
Coordinates: 31°32′12″N 91°24′17″WCoordinates: 31°32′12″N 91°24′17″W
Built: 1859-ca. 1864
Architect: Samuel Sloan
Architectural style: Octagon Mode, Italian Villa
Governing body: Private
NRHP Reference#: 69000079
USMS #: 001-NAT-4016-NHL-ML
Added to NRHP: December 16, 1969
Designated NHL: December 16, 1969
Designated USMS: November 29, 1994
The inspiration for Longwood: Sloan's “Oriental Villa” as it appeared in his 1852 book, The Model Architect
Longwood, also known as Nutt's Folly, is an historic antebellum octagonal mansion located at 140 Lower Woodville Road in Natchez, Mississippi, USA. The mansion is on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, and is a National Historic Landmark.Longwood is the largest octagonal house in the United States.
Longwood was featured in the southern United States segment of Guide to Historic Homes of America, an in-depth production by Bob Vila for the A&E Network.
The mansion is known for its octagonal plan, byzantine onion-shaped dome, and the contrast between its ornately finished first floor and the unfinished upper floors.
Samuel Sloan, a Philadelphia architect, designed the home in 1859 for cotton planter Dr. Haller Nutt. Work was halted in 1861 at the start of the American Civil War. Dr. Nutt died of pneumonia in 1864, leaving the work incomplete. Of the thirty-two rooms planned for the house, only nine rooms on the basement floor were completed.
Haller Nutt's never-finished Natchez home, Longwood, was the last burst of southern opulence before war brought the cotton barons' dominance to an end. Longwood survived decades of neglect and near-abandonment to become one of Natchez' most popular attractions.
Longwood is owned and operated as a historic house museum by the Pilgrimage Garden Club; it is also available for rent.
In 2010, Longwood was used in the HBO series True Blood for the external shots of the fictional Jackson, Mississippi mansion of Russell Edgington, the Vampire King of Mississippi and Louisiana.